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19022 Freeport St NW Elk River, MN 55330

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Forms of Macular Degeneration

There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The term neovascular refers to the growth of new blood vessels.

Dry AMD (non-neovascular)

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease, making up about 85%-90% of all cases of AMD. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is an early stage of the disease and is less severe than the wet form,.

Dry AMD occurs when the aging tissues of the macula begin to thin out and break down. Tiny pieces of white or yellowish protein called drusen begin to appear, which are thought to be deposits from the macular tissue as it deteriorates. The appearance of these drusen are often what leads to a diagnosis of AMD during an eye exam.

With dry AMD vision loss happens gradually, however, the dry form can progress to wet AMD rapidly. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, however there is research that shows that some people can benefit from supplemental vitamin therapy including antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD (neovascular)

Wet AMD is less common occurring in only about 10 percent of those with AMD. AMD is classified as Wet AMD when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, resulting in blind spots and a loss of central vision. Wet AMD can cause more damage to vision and permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD. Usually vision loss happens faster and is more noticeable than in dry AMD so the quicker it is treated, the more vision you can preserve.

Our main focus is the safety and well-being of our patients and staff.

Please email us copies of your insurance card (front and back) and paperwork before your appointment to customerservice@elkrivereyeclinic.com

In addition to these safety measures please be aware of the following:

- We will also be taking temperatures at the door with touchless thermometers and will ask patients to reschedule if their temperature is above 100.4 degrees

- All patients should wear masks into the practice

-Please come alone and do not bring extra family members when possible

-We will have a limited number of people in our optical department at one time and may ask that you wait in your car while others try on frames

-We will be open M-F  8am - 5pm

Thank you for understanding,

The Elk River Eye Clinic Team

763.441.1055